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PROTECTION OF CROPS

PROTECTION OF CROPS – HOW TO KNOW ABOUT PROTECT CROPS

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 SCIENCE BLOG – PROTECTION OF CROPS

INTRODUCTION 

Living organism requires food for their growth and survival.  By photosynthesis, plants can make their food and animals intake food from various plants. Authority takes required steps to distribute food to the large number of population evenly by producing crops regularly and management called protection of crops.

 

PROCEDURE IN PROTECTION OF CROPS

The process of protection of crops by which the grain seeds are separated from the chaff is called threshing.  There is a machine called combine which helps farmer a lot. It helps farmers to threshing grains as well as winnow. Sometimes, stubs of crops plants left in the field after harvesting are burnt by the farmers. This we must avoid  in protection of crops because it causes air pollution and may cause accidental fire to the harvested crop and damage it. The parts inside the field help to increase fertility of soil. SEPARATION OF GRAINS 

 STORAGE OF GRAINS IN PROTECTION IN CROPS

silos are the storage of grains
silos are big granaries to store large amount of grains

The Faremers use to dry the harvested and cleaned grains  to evaporate moisture in them before storage. Since they have to keep  the grains for longer time, these should be safe from moisture insects ,rats and microorganisms. Insecticides and rodenticides are sprayed also to protect it from insects and rats. By the means of gunny bag or bin made up of metal, farmers store their crops. Government authority manages to store grains in various granaries and silos of different places at large scale. 

Storage of grains
crop protection is very important.

It helps to protect the grains from pests and insects.

PROTECTION OF CROPS

To protect the grains from microorganisms farmers use fried neem leaves . Cultivators sell the food grains to the  Government Agencies like FOOD CORPORATION OF INDIA (FCI)and stored in its godown. This agency can provide food evenly and regularly to the whole country in every season.  Farmers fill the Foodgrains in gunny bags. Then they transport and distribute these crops at a various places with the help of Govt. or non-Govt agencies.

CATEGORIES OF FOOD YIELDING ANIMALS 

Milk yielding or milch animals

Milk Yielding animal
cow is a milk yeilding animal with largee variety

Animals we term them also as dairy animals. Cow, Buffalo, Goats are the examples of milk yielding animals.

Egg and meat yielding animals 

Egg and meat yielding animal
chicken is a white meat having less cholesterol
Egg and meat yielding aquatic animal
duck meat is a delicious cuisine with white meat

Goat, Sheep, Fish and poultry like Hen, Duck etc are egg and meat yielding animals

Honey yielding animals 

Honey yielding animal

rearing of honey bee for honey and wax is called apiculture

Honey bee is one and only honey producing animals.

Rearing and breeding of animals with high nutritive food, and proper care and shelter is Animal Husbandry.

Crop harvesting and protection
sheep is wool yeilding animal which is also used for meat yeilding animal

Pisciculture is the rearing of fish in large scale in coastal areas and in small scale in river and lakes for food.

Aquatic animal
fish is aquatic animal rich in protein and vitamin

fish is aquatic animal rich in protein and vitamin[/caption]

Crop protection
It is an aquatic animal

fish is the protein food rich in vitamin A and D[/caption]

Fishes are important sources of animal food in coastal areas. Flesh of fish provides high amount of protein, vitamin A and D.  Vitamin D is present in Cod fish liver oil.

PROBLEMS BASED ON PROTECTION OF CROPS

VERY SHORT QUESTION BASED ON PROTECTION OF CROPS

Qs1: Name the problem to overcome this we use modern method of irrigation.

Ans1: To overcome wastage of water we use modern method of irrigation. Traditional method causes large amount of wastage of water.

Qs2: What is the use of water pumps in agriculture? 

Ans2:  Farmers use water pumps in lifting water.

Qs3: Is there any advantage of using a cultivator?

Ans3: Yes, cultivator has an advantage. We use it to save the time as well as labour charge. It can dig a considerable large area in very less time.

Qs4: Which Government Agency involves in collecting food grains from farmers and storing them.

Ans4: Food Corporation Of India (FCI) is the Government Agency which procure food grains from farmers.

HIGHER ORDER THINKING QUESTION BASED ON PROTECTION OF CROPS

Qs5: We consider fishes as good for health. Give reason.

Ans5: Fishes are good for health because they are highly nutritious and rich in vitamin A and vitamin D. They are an important source of animal food in coastal areas. 

Qs6 :What do you know about irrigation quantity and time of watering to rice and cotton? Is it similar in both the case?

 Ans6: No, the time and frequency of irrigation is not same for rice and cotton. In rice the irrigation is more in quantity than that of cotton.

Qs7: Name the function by which earthworms and microorganisms can grow profusely in the crop field. 

Ans7: Ploughing of the soil during soil preparation creates aeration and loosen the soil which promotes earthworms and microbes to grow and release nutrients in soil.

Qs8: Farmers use dried neem leaves to store his grains in a metallic container. Give reason.

Ans8: Dry neem leaves protect the stored food grains from pests such as insects and microorganisms. This is the reason why farmers use these leaves.

ANSWER IN BRIEF BASED ON PROTECTION OF CROPS

Qs9: What is the procedure to provide large amount of food to the increasing number of population?

Ans9: Food has to be produced on a large scale. Authority takes required steps to distribute food to the large number of population evenly by producing crops regularly and proper management. 

 Qs10:  Is there any harmful effect to the farmers who use to spray weedicids to the crops regularly?

Ans10: Weedicides are the chemicals that farmers use to control the growth of weeds. These plants are unwanted plants in the field. These weedicides may affect the health of farmers. So, the farmers should take precautionary measures like gloves, mask etc to cover nose, mouth and hands. 

CHOOSE THE CORRECT QUESTION ON PROTECTION OF CROPS

Qs11: Select the statement which is false for organic manure? 

            (i)It has a balance of all plant nutrients.

           (ii)It enhances water holding capacity of soil.

           (iii)It provides humus to soil.

           (iv)It improves texture of soil.

  • Watering the crops is called

(i)sowing

(ii)manuring

(iii)tiling

(iv) irrigation

 

  • By which process the farmers uses to separate the grains from the chaff

(i) sieving

(ii) winnowing

(iii) threshing

(iv)Hand picking.

  • Weeds are the 
  •  
  • (i)Main crop plants.
  • (ii)Insects and pests.
  • (iii)Unwanted plants growing along the crops.
  • (iv)Chemical substances.
  • Select the group of crop belonging to kharif crops?
  • (i)Rice, wheat, cotton.
  • (ii)Maize, soybean, mustard.
  • (iii)Rice, mustard, cotton.
  • (iv)Rice, maize, soybean.
  • In which irrigation system water is released  drop by drop near the roots of plants,
  • Pulley system.
  • Drip system.
  • Sprinkler system.
  • Lever system.
  • Planting of seeds is called 
  • (i) cultivation
  • (ii)irrigation
  • (iii)harvesting
  • (iv) sowing
  • Seed drill is used to
  • Sow the seeds.
  • Remove the weeds in protection of crops.
  • Remove the pest.
  • Mix manure in the soil.
  •  

Ans:

  • (i) It has a balance of all plant nutrients. 
  • (iv) Irrigation.
  • (iii) Threshing
  • (iii) Unwanted plants growing along the crops.
  • (iv) Rice, maize, soybean.
  • (ii) Drip system.
  • (iv) Sowing.
  • (i) Sow the seeds.

 

 

 

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